Junction Object

From AgileApps Support Wiki

Jump to: navigation, search

In a relational database, a Lookup field in a source object can point to exactly one record in a target object. That capability creates one-to-many and many-to-one relationships. (For example, many Orders point to a single Customer. That's many-to-one. Looking at it the other way around, a Customer has multiple Orders. That's one-to-many.)

But sometimes, you need a many-to-many relationship. (For example, an Order can have multiple tags, and each tag can clearly apply to multiple orders.) You accomplish that goal with a junction object:

JunctionObject-80percent.png

Here, the junction object is Orders_Tags. Every record in it points to exactly one Order and one Tag. But several records that point to the same Order can each point to a different Tag. Similarly, several records that point to the same Tag can each point to a different Order. In that way, a many-to-many (N:M) relationship is established.

Create a Junction Object Manually

You can use the platform's Wizard to create a Many to Many relationship. In that case, the Junction Object is created for you, behind the scenes.

You can also create a junction object manually (a technique you'll need to know if you create relationships programmatically):

  1. Create the object that will become the junction. For example: Orders_Tags.
  2. In that object, add a Lookup to each of the target objects. For example, related_to_Orders and related_to_Tags
  3. Customize one of the target objects. For example: Orders.
  4. Go to Object Relationships.
  5. Edit the Orders_Tags relationship.
  6. Select the Junction radio button to make the relationship many-to-many.
  7. Specify the object at the other end of the Junction, and the field to use (related_to_Tags).

The process of creating a relationship identifies Orders_Tags as a "junction" object. Because the platform knows it is a junction object, it displays records from the end-point object (Tags) when the user does a look up. (Otherwise, the user would see records from Orders_Tags.)

Record Filtering in a Junction Object Lookup

  1. Under Record Filtering, make selections for the Sort by field and the Sort Order.
  2. Under Record Filtering section, filters can be configured in Filtering Criteria.


Notepad.png

Note:

  • Filtering Criteria value supports static values only. For example, 123, 1, 2, 3, Created By equals '56ca4a5cdc1d49a9ba044cb28ea7f021'.
  • Post Selection JavaScript is not supported with Junction Objects.
Junc obj record filter3.png
Personal tools